American English Phonetics And Pronunciation Practice, Carley P., Mees I.M., 2019

American English Phonetics And Pronunciation Practice, Carley P., Mees I.M., 2019.

   American English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice provides an accessible introduction to basic articulatory phonetics for students of American English. Built around an extensive collection of practice materials, this book teaches the pronunciation of modern standard American English to intermediate and advanced learners worldwide.
American English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice is essential reading for any student studying this topic.

American English Phonetics And Pronunciation Practice, Carley P., Mees I.M., 2019


Phonemes and allophones.
Some sound differences matter a great deal, whereas others are of little significance. The ones that matter most are those that can change the meaning of otherwise identical words. In English, the words bit, bet, boat are distinguished only by the vowels; in bit, sit, wit, only the initial consonant is different. In bit, bill, bin, it’s the final consonant that brings about the change in meaning. Sounds that can distinguish meaning are called phonemes (adjective: phonemic). A pair of words distinguished by a single phoneme is called a minimal pair, e.g., bit-hit. The variety of English taught in this book (see Section 1.7) has 24 consonant phonemes and 13 vowel phonemes.

Not every sound difference can change the meaning of a word. Listen carefully to feet and feed. You can hear a distinct difference in the length of the two vowels. But the native English speaker interprets these vowels as two variants of the same phoneme /i/; the different vowel lengths are the result of the influence of the following consonants /t/ and /d/. Similarly, the two /к/ sounds in keen and corn are different, the first being formed more forward and the second further back in the mouth, but English speakers hear both as variants of the phoneme /k/.

Contents.
English phonemic transcription key.
Phonetic symbols and diacritics.
The International Phonetic Alphabet.
Preface and acknowledgments.
1 Basic concepts.
2 Consonants.
3 Practice: individual consonants.
4 Practice: consonant contrasts.
5 Vowel theory.
6 Practice: individual vowels.
7 Practice: vowel contrasts.
8 Weak vowels and weak forms.
9 Practice: weak vowels and weak forms.
10 Consonant clusters.
11 Practice: consonant clusters.
12 Connected speech.
References and suggested reading.
Index.



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2023-02-09 07:05:43